Building glass can be divided into 3 kinds: flat glass, safe glass and special glass. Do you know the common types and applications of building glass? The window plate glass, short of glass, is a flat glass without grinding. It is mainly used for doors, windows, walls and outdoor decoration of buildings, and plays the role of light transmission, heat insulation, sound insulation, windshield and protection. The mirror polished glass called glass or white glass, commonly used to install windows and doors, windows or senior large mirror. Let's go and have a look with us next.
The common types and applications of classified building glass in building glass
Building glass and building glass, with the progress of science and technology and the progress of the times, the function of building glass is more and more. At the same time, there are more varieties of building glass. Building glass has the advantages of glittering and translucent surface, transparent, sound insulation, insulation, wear resistance, climate change, and stability of material.
Building glass is mainly made of quartz sand, sandstone or quartzite, limestone, feldspar, dolomite and soda ash as main raw materials, and is made through crushing, sieving, batching, high temperature melting, forming, annealing, cooling, processing and other processes.
1. flat glass
1) window glass
The window plate glass, short of glass, is a flat glass without grinding. It is mainly used for building doors and windows, walls and outdoor decoration. It plays the role of light transmission, heat insulation, sound insulation, windbreak and protection. It can also be used for store counters, windows, and doors and windows for some transportation vehicles (cars, ships, etc.).
The thickness of flat glass used for windows is generally 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6mm five, of which 2 to 3mm thick, commonly used in civil buildings, 4 to 6mm thick, is mainly used for industrial and high-rise buildings.
2) polished glass
The polished glass is called mirror glass or white glass. It is a flat glass after polished and polished, which is divided into two kinds, single side and double-sided. The surface of polished glass is smooth and glossy. No distortion is observed or reflected from any direction. Its thickness is generally 5 to 6mm, and the size can be made according to needs. Used to install windows and doors, windows or senior large mirror.
3) grit glass
Frosted glass, also known as ground glass, is made by mechanical sand blasting, manual grinding or hydrofluoric acid solution. The surface of the grind glass is rough, which makes the light diffuse reflection, and has the characteristics of light transmittance and no perspective, and makes the light soft in the room. So it is often used in toilet, bathroom, toilet, office, corridor and other partition, but also can be used as a blackboard.
4) nonferrous glass
Colored glass is also called color glass, which is divided into two kinds, transparent and opaque. The glass has the advantages of corrosion resistance, anti scouring, easy cleaning and so on, and can be spelled into various patterns and patterns. It is suitable for doors and windows, inside and outside wall surface and light area with special requirements for light.
5) grating glass
Grating glass is a laser decoration material formed by glass surface as the base material and processed by laser surface micro carving. It is a three-dimensional image with ordinary color glass showing white light under the white light condition. Raster glass is excellent in impact resistance, skid resistance and corrosion resistance. It is suitable for decoration in the hall, inside and outside walls, facade signs, billboards, ceiling, screens, doors and windows, etc.
6) embossed glass
The embossed glass is a flat glass with a pattern of pattern with a colorless or coloured glass liquid that is continuously rolled through a drum with a patterned pattern. Embossed glass is characterized by light transmittance (transmittance of 60% to 70%), no perspective, and high decorative. The embossed glass is suitable for interior decoration and separation of indoor occasions with different requirements for perspective. It can be used for processing screens, lamps and other crafts and daily necessities.
7) painted glass
Painted glass is a kind of high grade decorative glass products widely used. The screen painting can be copied to the original painting realistically on the glass, it is not affected by the thickness of the glass, size restrictions, can make all kinds of transparency on flat glass colors and patterns, and paint film adhesion strong, good durability, scrub, easy to clean. Painted glass can be used for doors, windows and doors and walls in family, office buildings, shopping malls and entertainment places. It can make use of its different patterns and pictures to achieve the decorative effect of high artistic atmosphere.
2. safe glass
1) tempered glass
The tempered glass is made by heating the flat glass to the softening temperature, cooling it rapidly or using chemical method for ion exchange. The tensile strength of steel glass is 5~6 times higher than that of ordinary glass, and the impact strength is raised about 3 times, and the toughness is about 5 times higher. When the tempered glass is broken, it does not form the sharp edges and corners, so it does not hurt. The curved toughened glass is mainly used for the doors and windows of large public buildings, the skylight of industrial buildings and the window glass.
2) interlayer glass
Laminated glass is a flat or curved composite glass made of two or more sheet glass with transparent plastic sheets which are bonded by hot pressing. Laminated glass is characterized by good safety, because the intermediate plastic lining makes glass broken without splashing, resulting in radial cracks, no harm to people, and therefore, its impact strength is much higher than that of ordinary glass. Laminated glass is suitable for doors and windows with high safety requirements, such as doors and windows of high-rise buildings, buildings, basement doors and windows, doors and windows for commercial buildings, display cabinets, window and other anti-collision parts.
3) wired glass
The glass is ordinary flat glass heated to red hot softening state, then the preheated metal wire or metal net is pressed into the glass and. Wired glass doors and windows, roof skylights, suitable for industrial plants in large vibration, doors and windows warehouse, libraries need to fire safety, building composite wall and transparent fence etc..
4) anti-theft glass
Anti-theft glass is the special variety of laminated glass, tempered glass, with thick glass, organic glass, polished glass reinforced with resin glue glued into multi-layer glass, and the alarm device in the interlayer embedding wires and sensors connected etc..
3. special glass
1) endothermic glass
Endothermic glass is the introduction of heat absorbing Colorants (ferric oxide, nickel oxide, etc.) into glass liquid, or glass plate coated with heat absorbing colored oxide (tin oxide, antimony oxide, etc.) on glass surface. Endothermic glass absorbs less than 70% of the infrared radiation and maintains good transmittance and absorbs part of visible and ultraviolet light. It has the functions of anti glare and ultraviolet protection. The heat absorbing glass is suitable for lighting, and need to heat insulation, especially in hot areas, need air-conditioning, avoid the glare of the large public building doors and windows, curtain wall, commodity display window, the windshield of computer room and train, car, ship, also can be made into laminated, hollow glass and other products.
2) heat reflective glass
The heat reflective glass is the coating glass made of gold, silver, aluminum, copper, nickel, ferrochrome and other metal and metal oxide or paste organic thin films on the surface by means of heat, evaporation, chemistry and so on. The heat reflective glass has high thermal reflection ability, low thermal transmittance and good light transmittance, which is the most effective anti sun glass in modern times. The heat reflective glass has unidirectional perspective, and its facing surface has mirror reflection characteristics. It not only has beautiful colors, but also can map the surrounding scenery, so that the buildings and the surrounding landscape can be coordinated. The heat reflective glass is suitable for doors and windows, glass curtain walls, public building halls and various decorative parts of modern high-rise buildings. It is made of double deck hollow glass and air curtain glass curtain wall, which can achieve excellent thermal insulation and energy saving effect.
3) photochromic glass
Photochromic glass is a photoreceptor by adding silver halide in glass, or adding molybdenum and tungsten in glass and organic intercalation to obtain photochromic glass. The photochromic glass can automatically adjust the effect of indoor light. Photochromic glass is mainly used to avoid glare and the building doors and windows that need to adjust the intensity of light automatically.